♛ Roman Nail & King Richard III ♛
Wild speculations are not as un-historical as you might think.
Perhaps my wild speculation I start here might show you that the ‘expectations’ of the researcher and here especially the historian have quite some influence on the outcome of the research.
In a way, one finds what one expects to find and searches for.
The find of King Richard III’s remains shows this excellently and why in all the research and university methodology, Philippa Langley was so very crucial and important for the outcome.
There are exceptions with chance finds, but even here you need to know what importance the things might have you stumble upon, whereas most artefacts are lost, when not found by someone who understands their value for research and history or even understands that they are artefacts and not e.g. a rusty clump of earth hindering you to plant something or a bothersome stone.
So now, let us have a closer look at my speculations about the ‘Roman Nail’ and the position King Richard III’s body was found in:
Please continue reading the following speculations only if you have a rather strong stomach and can stand anatomical and biological details after death.
If not, please start below with the “King Richard III”-News and the newest articles from the press.
The position King Richard III was found in his grave, makes it likely that his hands had been tied together when he was positioned into the grave. After 3 or more days of exposure of the corps to the public, death rigidity would have faded by now and the hands otherwise would have slipped from this unnatural position he was found in.
But why did the friars dump him so unceremoniously?
Depending on the temperature (August can be warm and humid), the body would have started to show the early signs of decay and might have already exuded a strong smell, if not even his stomach accid might have already broken through. For certain, his heavy head wounds would have started to smell abominably and might have been pestered by flies and … (I leave the rest to your gruesome imagination).
But the reasons for dumping King Richard III quickly in his grave might not only have been pressure by the new King Henry VII, but quite understandably also human reactions and necessities.
The more it is praiseworthy that they did take his body and buried him in a significant spot in their church.
The one aspect which had always astonished me about the burial was the ‘Roman Nail‘ in close proximity to King Richard III. It had been found so close to him, that at first it had been reported as an arrowhead potentially lodged in his back close to his spine.
But why would a ‘Roman Nail’ turn up in a grave for a hurriedly dumped king?
Either it was by accident and the monastery was based on earlier Roman foundations, which lie eaxctly as deep as the friars dug the grave. This for me is a rather weak argument, as in this case other artefacts of the time would show the level of earth as a Roman foundation, but those signs are missing or at least not reported so far.
Or, the friars intentionally put the nail into the grave together with the King.
Potentially used as reliquaries, the Roman nail could have had religious importance, especially when believed to have had significance or a connection to the crucifixion of Jesus, but even symbolical, the importance and religious connection still is strong, especially when the nail really derives from Roman times. For example the Pope till in our days wears a ceremonial robe with a broad band where Roman nails are embroidered in, to show the wounds Jesus had to bear for us.
The Roman nail could have been used as reliquary to ease the way of the deceased king, but also could have been a symbol for his wounds received for his people.
In both cases, it might have been a very valuable and holy symbol of his time, given to him by the friars in honour and true sympathy for King Richard III.
♛ King Richard III ♛
Historians begin their research by speculating about the importance of certain facts found in King Richard III’s grave, like his curved spine and the consequences they had for his life.
From speculation the following sound research can reveal, if actual events and mentions in resources give foundation to the speculations and prove them as having been actual fact.
- SKY News: Richard III: Did King Have Painful Treatment? (19.04.2013) – Speculations by historians and medical history about what King Richard III might have endured during his lifetime.
- Science World Report: Straightening Out the Problem: King Richard III Went Through Traction Torture Treatments to Fix Hunchback, by Kathleen Lees (19.04.2013)
- Huffington Post: Why Didn’t My Richard III Come Gift Wrapped? By Amy Licence (20.04.2013)- I am not the only one speculating. Others start now with other digging opportunities…
- NBC News: Tale of Richard III’s skeleton is filled with drama – and it’s not over yet, by Alan Boyle, Science Editor NBC News (21.04.2013)
- BBC News: Richard III church to be revealed in excavation (25.04.2013) – Excavations of the Grey Friars’ Church no Aprils Fool Joke, but true ! Further archaeological research will be done to find out more about the church and surrounding area to where King Richard III was found and a visitors’ platform will be installed, so that the work can be viewed in progress.
- ThisIsLeicestershire.co.uk: Turns out Richard was not the only one buried here…, by Peter Warzynski (25.04.2013) – Archaeological research continues at the site where King Richard III was found.
- Richard III Society: Richard III Conference in Leicester (02.03.2013) – The presentation of the events and conference schedule now has full videos about the readings and presentations at the conference.
Here two examples:
Philipp Langley and author about King Richard III, Annette Carson
Dr. John Ashdown-Hill
… not only regarding King Richard III, but also in regard to Richard Armitage.
I certainly would like to discover more about the story and context of the place where King Richard III was buried, but I also would like journalists to dig a bit deeper in their interviews, especially in one of the latest, where Mr. Armitage mentioned his interest in King Richard III:
Richard Armitage about King Richard III:
[…] it’s an interest, it’s a passion of mine […]
7th April, 2013 – MagicFM, Rick Astley
The full interview transcript is on RichardArmitageCentral.co.uk and the audio compilation on RichardArmitageNet.com.
Full Richard III passage of the interview is here on the KRA website.
♛ King Richard III ♛
- ThisIsLeicestershire.co.uk: Richard III: Team plan new dig at Leicester car park, by Peter Warzynski (01.04.2013) – Finally! Have been waiting for this news impatiently and hope it is not an April’s fool joke, though perhaps bad timing, as the University of Leicester had a joke on their website on the 1st of April that they would search for the remains of King Richard IV, now that King Richard III is found. (Universities joking about their research? – Certainly a new aspect of learning.)
- BBC News: Richard III letter fetches £35,000 at auction (03.04.2013) – Signature of King Richard III has been sold for £ 35,000. Buyer is still unknown.
- Birmingham Post: The life and death battles of Richard III, by Steve Allen (12.04.2013) – Good overview of the won battles of King Richard III, over greed and other hindrances, but also about the lost and still undecided battles.
- BBC Radio 3 – Drama on 3: Shakespeare’s Richard III (14.04.2013, First broadcast February 2004) – ATTENTION! Available online only for 5 more days!
- FrontierLeicester (YouTube): Video Interview with Jo Appleby, by Emma Anne James (from September 2012, published: 04.02.2013) – I had not seen the following interview before and though it represents the status before the confirmed identity of the found skeleton to be of King Richard III, it is still interesting to see the presentation of all the different aspects of research.
Reminder: Poll about the last burial place for King Richard III and adequate procedures to find it is still open !
Please give us your opinion!